7 Jul

Most Common Causes of Toothache and Sensitive Teeth

Unfortunately, toothache is not uncommon and can range from mild to severe pain within and around the gums and jaws. It is usually brought about by the inflammation of the innermost layer of the tooth which is the dental pulp but can be caused by many factors.


The good news is there are treatments available to cure toothaches. Treatment can be as simple as improving your oral healthcare routine or as rigorous as oral surgery. Basically, treatment depends on what really causes the pain.

To help you free yourself from oral discomfort, here are the most common causes of toothache and sensitive teeth, the ways to prevent them, and their respective treatments.

Tooth Decay

One of the most common reasons for toothache is tooth decay which may lead to cavities in the teeth. When this hole penetrates the enamel and reaches the dentin, it causes tooth pain.

If the cavities have not penetrated the enamel yet, a simple molar sealant or fluoride varnish can be applied. However, if the cavities have broken down the enamel, a root canal must be performed by a dentist.

Misaligned Teeth

When a misaligned tooth forces another tooth to become out of line, the impact causes tooth pain. Treatment of dental misalignment can be prosthodontic such as tooth veneers, crowns, bridges, or dentures in mild cases. Major cases, however, require orthodontic treatment like braces.

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Teeth Grinding

Bruxism or teeth grinding can chip or even crack our teeth. As a result, it causes tooth, jaw, and other pains. Dental night guards can be worn during sleep in order to prevent teeth grinding. It covers the worn teeth which reduce tooth stress. Consulting a dentist for a suitable treatment plan is necessary.

Damaged Fillings or Dental Sealants

The inner tooth is a vulnerable and sensitive part of the tooth. This is why it must be covered with fillings and sealants. If the sensitive inner part of the tooth is exposed, it will lead to a sharp piercing aching sensation.

Fillings and sealants can last up to seven years or more. But to avoid tooth pain caused by damaged fillings or sealants, make sure to maintain good oral hygiene, have a  dental check-ups when required, and consult an oral health professional.

Temperature Sensitivity

A painful sensation felt after eating or drinking hot or cold food is a sign of worn down tooth enamel. This means that the inner tooth nerves are already exposed which causes the painful sensation.

Sensitive teeth have no single treatment, must be properly diagnosed  and will never be completely treated, according to oral health professionals. However, you can make use of desensitising toothpaste along with a soft-bristled toothbrush as a home remedy. Avoiding highly acidic foods and a fluoridated mouthwash will also help.

Tooth Fractures

Tooth fractures can be a chip or a crack in the tooth commonly caused by biting something hard or other impacts. When the crack reaches the nerve endings of the tooth, it causes tooth pain.

The treatment of a tooth fracture depends on the damage of the tooth. If only a small piece of the tooth breaks off, it can be treated by means of dental filling or bonding. However, a dental cap or crown is needed if a large portion of the tooth is fractured.

Gum Disease

The swelling of the gums along with redness and bleeding characterises gum disease. This affects the stability of the teeth which ends up in pain.

Since gum disease is caused by a build-up of plaque, tartar, and food debris, professional cleaning by a dental hygienist is needed. Depending on the severity of the disease, ultrasonic root scaling or laser treatment may also be performed by oral healthcare professionals.

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Tooth Abscess

A tooth abscess happens when tooth decay reaches the root of the teeth. This causes infection within the surrounding tissues and results in a pulsating pain. This condition requires opening up and draining the abscess. A root canal will be performed by the dentist to save the tooth. Otherwise, tooth extraction is needed to get rid of the infection.

Orthodontic Work

Teeth alignment devices such as braces and retainers can also initiate temporary pain. This happens after orthodontic adjustments that tighten or move teeth. Pain from tightening orthodontics normally subside after several days. But you can apply oral anesthetic, take pain relief, use cold packs, and eat soft foods to relieve the pain.

Toothache Treatment with GC Dental Solutions

Now that you know the most common causes of toothache and the ways to rid them, you can get the right treatment immediately. But remember, prevention is always better than the cure. So, make sure that you regularly brush, floss, and pay your dentist a visit. Read our tips on how to best care for your teeth and gums.

For toothache and other dental treatments on the Gold Coast, you can visit GC Dental Solutions. Located in Helensvale, we provide general dentistry services like root canal therapy and fillings, as well as treatments such as implants and bridges. Our clinic also offers a unique environment to help make your dental visits as comfortable and relaxed as possible, with a range of dental sedation options for those who are anxious.

Call GC Dental Solutions today at 07 5573 1368 to book an appointment or make an online enquiry to know more about our toothache and dental treatments.

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